Below, excerpts from two descriptions. One is taken from a Xinhua story describing the “detailed standards” required of the 40 Shanghainese college students who will be selected to serve as “Olympic hostesses” in Beijing. The other is excerpted from the American Kennel Club’s detailed standards for the hairless Chinese Crested dog variety. Can you match the description to the photo?
A. “Eye length is three-tenths of the face” … “elastic skin” … “ruddy but not shiny complexion” … “a plump but not fat body” … and strict ratios “between the width of the nose and the length of the face” and “width of the mouth and width between the pupils.”
B. “fine boned, elegant and graceful” … “skin is soft and smooth” … “almond-shaped [eyes]” … “skull is arched gently” … “Ribs are well-developed” … “Neck is lean … and carried high.”
The correct answer – and commentary – follows the jump.
[UPDATE: See comment 9, below, for a superb update from black and white cat over the angry argument that's ensued between Shanghai's Putuo District and the Xinmin Evening News over these standards. The Xinmin Evening news has issued a rebuttal - available here - to accusations that it fabricated the story.]
Description A quotes some of the detailed Olympic hostess standards that Xinhua printed as further proof of the “meticulous planning for the Summer Games.” Now, just to be clear about this: I’m not comparing Chinese women to dogs (the Chinese women with whom I’m close wouldn’t stand that, not for a second). No, my question is a little more pointed, and it is this: why do Olympic organizers find it socially acceptable to grade women like dogs? And why doesn’t anybody – in particular, Chinese women – seem to take offense? If these standards ran in the US or the EU, there’d be blood to pay – and lawsuits.
None of this should surprise anybody who’s spent any time reading Chinese in-flight magazines and their detailed descriptions of the careful, careful tests to which Chinese airlines subject potential flight attendants. I have a quite detailed memory of a recent photo (I believe it was in the China Southern magazine) of a selection committee earnestly measuring the calf muscles of prospective flight attendants. Alas, I don’t have a copy of that issue, but for those who don’t believe me, I respectfully refer you to Ching-Ching Ni’s recent LA Times dispatch on the beauty pageant that China Southern holds (and televises) for the purpose of choosing new flight attendants (don’t bother applying if you’re over 24).
I know, I know: China isn’t the only society that judges people on looks, and it certainly isn’t the only country that holds beauty pageants. That said, evaluating prospective job applicants on the ratio “between the width of the nose and the length of the face” strikes me as more than a little creepy, if not totally, and completely socially backward (even if the job description implicitly requires the beautiful). As it happens, I had a long conversation with a good friend – a Chinese professional woman in her thirties – about this matter just last night, and her response was a chuckle. “You think Chinese women are the source of these ideas?” She asked me.
No, I don’t.
[Addendum in response to an email] I have no idea how the International Olympic Committee feels about this, though by their recent standards and actions, it’s becoming increasingly clear that they don’t care about much more than efficient running of races. Still, there’s little doubt that beauty criteria such as those suggested by the Chinese would be totally illegal – as a matter of employment law – in the EU. Of course, these standards are being invented and applied by the Beijing committee, and thus they’re not subject to EU employment law. Fine and good. But can anyone imagine this sort of competition being staged for London 2012, much less the outrage that would erupt as a result? I guess it’s much too late to suggest that the IOC take an interest in good taste, much less the standards that it would expect of itself if the Olympics were held in Bern instead of Beijing.
[UPDATE 2/20] Comment #9, from Black and White Cat, is the best summation of the confrontation that has occurred between the Xinmin Evening Post and the Shanghai government over this matter. But, in short, once the beauty standards were revealed by Xinhua – and elsewhere – Shanghai government immediately denied them. This was followed up by a very unusual rebuttal by the editors of the Xinmin Evening Post. See comment #9 for a link to Chinese. An English-language explanation is in today’s South China Morning Post [subscriber only], briefly excerpted:
In an unusual confrontation for state media, the Xinmin Evening News yesterday published what it claimed was a fax from a local government body outlining other requirements, which formed the basis of a story last week.
They included a standard that the distance from the forehead to the base of the nose, from base to tip of the nose and from tip of the nose to the chin should be equal. There was speculation that these standards were for internal use and never meant to be announced publicly.
“Officials at an official news conference who don’t speak the truth have had great impact on the reputation of the media and the government’s credibility,” the newspaper said in an accompanying editorial.
Reached for comment, the head of the paper’s political news coverage, Ji Ying , added: “Our story is based on facts and reliable sources. I think there must be some misunderstanding between the [government] and us.”
Officials could not be reached for comment yesterday and Monday’s news conference was closed to overseas media.