Junkyard Planet Excerpted at Foreign Affairs!

I’m extremely pleased to point readers to a new excerpt from Junkyard Planet posted today at Foreign Affairs. This particular passage, renamed ‘The Reincarnation Machine,” comes from one of my favorite chapters from the book, and concerns what amounts to the single most important device in this history of the recycling industry: the metal shredder. On paper (and on-screen), I realize that doesn’t sound so exciting. But in the presence of one – well, you’ll just have to take my word for it and then read the passage. Metal shredders are awesome – in the biblical sense – and I’ve done my best to convey that in the excerpt.

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Meanwhile, over the last week I’ve been posting some images of what metal shredders look like, and what they can do, to the ongoing Scenes from a Junkyard Planet series. An even richer history of these crazy machines, and the Texans who invented them, is included in Junkyard Planet:Travels in the Billion Dollar Trash Trade, to be published on November 12. Pre-order now!

Scenes from a Junkyard Planet: the Indian Metal Sorters

During the run-up to the November 12 release of my first book, Junkyard Planet: Travels in the Billion Dollar Trash Trade, every weekday I’m posting a new photo taken during my decade of reporting on the global waste, recycling, refurbishment, and repair trade. Today’s Scene shows an Indian factory where shredded automobiles from the US and EU are sorted into their individual metals.

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This 2006 image, taken north of Mumbai, was taken in a warehouse next to an aluminum smelter where some of the metal sorted here would be melted. What’s shipped to India and other developing countries is metal that couldn’t be sorted using magnets and other simple means of sortation. In other words: aluminum, copper, zinc, and other metals that don’t stick to magnets. The technology exists to sort copper from aluminum from zinc etc  mechanically, but the low cost of labor in India and other developing countries, plus the extreme demand for raw materials from those same countries, makes export for hand-sorting the more efficient and economical means of recycling. In India, as in China, women are employed almost exclusively for this kind of work, on the belief – repeated to me many times over the years – that they’re more precise than men.

Previous ‘Scenes from a Junkyard Planet’ can be found here.

 

Scenes from a Junkyard Planet: This Wheel’s Not On Fire.

During the run-up to the November 12 release of my first book, Junkyard Planet: Travels in the Billion Dollar Trash Trade, every weekday I’m posting a new photo taken during my decade of reporting on the global waste, recycling, refurbishment, and repair trade. Today’s Scene shows boxes of car steering wheels and electrical harnesses hand-plucked from Chinese automobiles.

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This July 2013 image was taken at a Shanghai-area automobile recycling facility where every last salvageable part – even steering wheels – are recovered from unwanted cars and segregated for re-use or recycling. The most recognizable parts in this image are, obviously, the steering wheels. In the United States and other countries where salaries run high, no automobile recycling plant would bother ripping out the wheels. But in China, where labor is cheap and – equally important – there’s a strong and thriving market for used automobile parts, pulling steering wheels makes sense. At least some of these will find their way into used cars (though, to be honest, I can’t quite fathom why someone would need to replace a steering wheel). Those that don’t will be further broken down into metal and plastic parts for recycling. It’s an efficient and green means of re-using and recycling old cars – and as China’s price of labor goes up, it’s likely to disappear into one of the shredders pictured in last weeks’ Scenes from a Junkyard Planet.

Scenes from a Junkyard Planet: the Destruction Factory

During the run-up to the November 12 release of my first book, Junkyard Planet: Travels in the Billion Dollar Trash Trade, every weekday I’m posting a new photo taken during my decade of reporting on the global waste, recycling, refurbishment, and repair trade. Today’s Scene shows a Chinese factory where metal shredders that eat cars are manufactured.

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This June 2013 photo was taken at one of the world’s busiest factories devoted to making equipment for the scrap metal industry, located in Hubei province, China. The two large blue machines in the background are multi-million dollar metal shredders; the round devices in the foreground are metal shredder parts. To see a metal shredder in action, see this weeks’ four earlier Scenes from a Junkyard Planet. To see one being built, increasingly one must go to China. That’s a big change: the shredder was invented in Texas in the 1950s and 1960s because the cost of recycling a car by hand was simply too expensive and inefficient for American laborers. That wasn’t a problem faced by China and other developing countries until quite recently. Now, with a growing middle class, rising labor rates, and huge supplies of automobiles, China, too, is starting to shred automobiles into fist-sized chunks. And so, a mid-century Texas invention is now an expensive device that the Chinese build for themselves. American influence, in a sense, persists right to the recycling bin..

Scenes from a Junkyard Planet: Hammer Time

During the run-up to the November 12 release of my first book, Junkyard Planet: Travels in the Billion Dollar Trash Trade, every weekday I’m posting a new photo taken during my decade of reporting on the global waste, recycling, refurbishment, and repair trade. Today’s Scene shows a Toyota official standing next to the means of automobile destruction.

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Taken in 2009, this image shows two automobile shredder hammers (and this image shows what those hammers can accomplish). The one on the right weighs 120 kg (264 lb), and hasn’t been used yet. Soon, though, it’ll be installed in one of Toyota Metal’s two automobile shredders (here’s one from Tuesday’s Scene), where it’ll join probably two dozen others in spinning around several times per second as cars are fed to it. Those cars, no surprise, are reduced to fist-sized hunks. According to one shredder manufacturer, every ton of car that runs through a shredder chews away one kilogram (2.2 lbs) of shredder. Thus, we have the hammer on the left, reduced and retired from a career spent destroying test vehicles. In effect, the machine destroys itself, constantly, while destroying cars that nobody wants, anymore. It’s a bleak thought – but so long as we want new cars rather than used ones, it’s a bleak thought that’s made the planet a cleaner, greener place.

Junkyard Planet: the Video.

On November 12, Bloomsbury Press will publish my first book, Junkyard Planet: Travels in the Billion Dollar Trash Trade (pre-order the book; pre-order the e-book). In advance of the release, I’ve been posting images from the book (and many that aren’t in the book). Today, I’m excited to post the first video from my reporting for the book, in the form of a short video “trailer” that I put together with Bloomsbury. It’s a brief but hopefully tantalizing peak inside of a fascinating industry that touches all of us. I hope the images fascinate you as much as they’ve fascinated me.

Scenes from a Junkyard Planet: Your Car, Reduced to Bite-sized Chunks

During the run-up to the November 12 release of my first book, Junkyard Planet: Travels in the Billion Dollar Trash Trade, every weekday I’m posting a new photo taken during my decade of reporting on the global waste, recycling, refurbishment, and repair trade. Today’s scene shows the remains of a Toyota test vehicle – possibly several – just run through a metal shredder (in fact, the one in yesterday’s Scene from a Junkyard Planet) at the Toyota Metal facility in Nagoya, Japan. As always, click to enlarge.

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How was an automobile transformed into this? Simply, the car was fed to a couple of dozen super-hardened 300 lb spinning hammers that pulverized it in seconds. Once reduced to chunks, the car was run past magnets and the steel was pulled out. Everything that’s not steel was sent elsewhere. The workers standing over the line are responsible for grabbing any stray pieces of copper, aluminum, plastic, or whatever else might have leaked into the steel. From here, the steel is delivered to a steel mill where it’s melted down into a form suitable for making new Toyotas. This is not a niche activity: in the US, at least, shredded cars account for around 1/3 of the raw materials that go into making steel. In some countries, including Japan, the ratio is even higher.